Sacred wealth: historical and cultural monuments
According to the article of the President “Rukhani Zhangyru”, the projects “Tugan zher” and “Sacred Places of Kazakhstan” are being implemented. These are spiritual revivals of Kazakhstan people. Each person, regardless of age, social status, nationality, must know how to honor and keep the history of their land, ancestors, their country.
The land of Kostanay region is rich in historical and cultural monuments. Mausoleums, ancient hillforts, settlements, to this day keep the secrets of bygone centuries. Touching such sacred objects is just like talking to a direct witness to those times and events.
Fortified settlement Kamysty
The fortified settlement of Kamysty, the only known monument of the proto-urban culture of ancient Indo-European tribes on the territory of Kazakhstan, whose age is more than four thousand years. The monument was discovered back in 1990 by Logvin’s archaeological expedition, which gave it the name “Poselenie Komarovka-12”. It consisted of cavities from six dwellings, where ceramics and a bone tip were found, the finds dated to the Bronze Age. A few years later, fragments of ceramics, stone and bone products, as well as animal bones were found here. Then the monument was assigned to the famous “Country of cities” by Gennady Zdanovich, and became part of twenty fortified Aryan settlements.
“Country of cities” is located in the Chelyabinsk, Orenburg regions, as well as Bashkortostan and the Kostanay region. Settlements are scattered over an area of 350 kilometers in diameter, the most famous of which is the sacred ancient city – Arkaim, considered the same age as the Egyptian pyramids and Babylon. Scientists suppose that these cities were spiritual centers where various rites were held.
Iconic monument Ekidyn
The Ekidyn monument dates from the 8th-9th centuries. It is located near the village of Ekidyn, on the banks of the Kara-Turgai River and represents two “dyn” – cult architectural structures of a spherical shape made of wild stone, which gave the name to the village. The distance between the monuments is 4 kilometers. “Ekidyn 1” is located on the left bank of the river, “Ekidyn 2” is on the right, on a hill, which is very clearly visible from a long distance.
By Academician Alkei Margulans’ opinion, these structures, rarely found on the territory of Kazakhstan, known as “uytas”, were built in the form of the ancient Kazakh dwelling “Shoshaly”, perhaps they had sacred, ritual significance. According to local legends, in the 17-18 centuries in the valley between the hills on which the monuments stand, a bloody battle took place. Right here the headquarters of the warlords of the warring clans were located.
Keiki Batyr Mausoleum
In 2017, the Keiki Batyr mausoleum was erected in the village of Tasty, Amangeldy district. It is here that his remains are buried. The mausoleum is a structure fifteen meters high with a dome on which a crescent is mounted. There is a tombstone and two plaques with portraits of the batyr and text in three languages inside the mazar. Nurmagambet Kokembaev is popularly known as Keiki batyr was born in 1871 in the tract of Baytum, Kostanai region. Batyr came from the Kulan Kypshak kin of the Middle Zhuz. “Keykі” – means a hermit, he was nicknamed so for the hunter’s special lifestyle. He masterfully possessed different types of weapons and was a very well-aimed bowman. During the period of the national liberation movement of Amangeldy Imanov and Abdygappar khan, the batyr led the best detachment of bowmans.
After the death of Amangeldy Imanov, Keiki batyr with his closest companion in arms hid in the Ulytau and Kyzylkum mountains, waging an anti-Soviet struggle until 1923. In the same year he was surrounded by the Red Army, and was killed as a result of a long battle. The severed head of the batyr as evidence of his death was first sent to Orenburg, then to St. Petersburg, then it was transferred to the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, better known as the Kunstkamera. Only in 2016, the remains of Keiki Batyr were returned to Kazakhstan. Hungarian anthropologists were engaged in restoration of the shape of the legendary batyr.
Every nation, inhabitants of any country in every corner of the planet has sacred places that occupy a special place in the life and history of the population. These are cultural heritage sites, places associated with significant political events, natural landscapes and religious shrines. It is here, in places of power that a person feels a surge of strength, his soul is renewed, and his heart is filled with peace.